Protein comes from both plant and animal sources. Plant protein is usually less expensive than animal protein. It is healthy to eat a mix of proteins from plant and animal sources. Most of us eat more protein than we need. The table below shows how much protein is recommended and how much protein we get from different choices.
|Children||2-3 years old: 2 ounce equivalents
4-8 years old: 4 ounce equivalents
|Girls||9-13 years old: 5 ounce equivalents
14-18 years old: 5 ounce equivalents
|Boys||9-13 years old: 5 ounce equivalents
14-18 years old: 6.5 ounce equivalents
|Women||19-30 years old: 5.5 ounce equivalents
31-50 years old: 5 ounce equivalents
51+ years old: 5 ounce equivalents
|Men||19-30 years old: 6.5 ounce equivalents
31-50 years old: 6 ounce equivalents
51+ years old: 5.5 ounce equivalents
*These amounts are appropriate for individuals who get less than 30 minutes per day of moderate physical activity beyond normal daily activities. Those who are more physically active may be able to consume more while staying within caloric needs. Source: ChooseMyPlate
|Amount that counts as 1 ounce-equivalent in the Protein Foods Group||Common portions and ounce-equivalents|
|Meats||1 ounce cooked lean beef
1 ounce cooked lean pork or ham
|1 small steak (eye of round, filet) = 3 ½ to 4 ounce-equivalents
1 small lean hamburger = 2 to 3 ounce-equivalents
|Poultry||1 ounce cooked chicken or turkey, without skin
1 sandwich slice of turkey (4 ½” x 2 ½” x 1/8″)
|1 small chicken breast half = 3 ounce-equivalents
½ Cornish game hen = 4 ounce-equivalents
|Seafood||1 ounce cooked fish or shell fish||1 can of tuna, drained = 3 to 4 ounce-equivalents
1 salmon steak = 4 to 6 ounce-equivalents
1 small trout = 3 ounce-equivalents
|Eggs||1 egg||3 egg whites = 2 ounce-equivalents
3 egg yolks = 1 ounce-equivalent
|Nuts and seeds||½ ounce of nuts (12 almonds, 24 pistachios, 7 walnut halves)
½ ounce of seeds (pumpkin, sunflower, or squash seeds, hulled, roasted)
1 Tablespoon of peanut butter or almond butter
|1 ounce of nuts of seeds = 2 ounce-equivalents|
|Beans and peas||¼ cup of cooked beans (such as black, kidney, pinto, or white beans)
¼ cup of cooked peas (such as chickpeas, cowpeas, lentils, or split peas)
¼ cup (about 2 ounces) of tofu
|1 cup split pea soup = 2 ounce-equivalents
1 cup lentil soup = 2 ounce-equivalents
1 cup bean soup = 2 ounce-equivalents1 soy or bean burger patty = 2 ounce-equivalents
Since meat is often the most expensive part of the meal, filling up on meat can challenge your food budget.
The amount to buy for your family depends on the amount of bone or fat.
Fresh meat and eggs should be stored in the refrigerator. Eggs will keep in the refrigerator for three weeks after their sell by date. When storing fresh meat in your refrigerator, put it on the lowest shelf on a plate. This way if it leaks, juices will not contaminate other foods.
Divide large packages of meat into smaller portions for freezing. It is safe to freeze meat or poultry directly in its supermarket wrapping but this type of wrap allows air to get in. Unless you will be using the food in a month or two, wrap these packages for long term storage using one of the following:
While raw ground meat stays fresh in the freezer for three to four months, larger pieces of meat like steaks or chops will be good for four to 12 months according to the USDA. At 0º F, frozen foods remain safe indefinitely but quality may be affected.
Buying ground beef with a high percentage of fat (85% lean or less) is usually less expensive per pound but yields less meat. However, you can save money with the less expensive ground beef if you rinse and drain it after browning.
Follow these easy steps to remove excess fat when cooking ground beef for spaghetti sauce or other uses.